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  • How was a Viking house designed?

    June 14, 2021 4 min read

    Viking house

    Would you have liked to live in the Viking Age? The answer would certainly be yes, as long as you appreciate the life of a farmer in the countryside and the rustic houses that warm you in winter.

    Yes, the Vikings weren't just fierce warriors obsessed with Valhalla; they were above all farmers , craftsmen or merchants, thus revealing their talents in many ways.

    In addition to the famous fjords, the Vikings also built comfortable, spacious and above all very respectful of nature houses. Do you feel a tourist fiber? So, in this case, let's discover the Viking houses!

    What are the different types of Viking house?

    Much like Ragnar Lothbrok, many Vikings were farmers living off the produce of the countryside, herding cattle, and hunting . Between the hard work and the surrounding bustle, the atmosphere was pleasant and conducive to solidarity. To protect themselves from the weather, the Vikings built houses as needed to preserve blood ties.

    Several materials taken from nature were used in the construction of the houses populating the Viking farms. Naturally, wood and stone could be used, but also peat to erect and fortify walls, for example. Combining need with creativity, the Vikings built several houses, two of which will hold our attention: the longhouse and the pit house.

    viking house


    The longhouse

    With an oblong base, the long Viking house has oblique or curved walls in harmony with the whole structure and evoked in the mind an upturned Viking ship. Easily recognizable, it stands out in the landscape with its impressive measurements of 30 m long and 8 m wide in the middle. Wooden posts supported the walls and the roof made of small wooden tiles.

    In terms of ventilation, the Viking longhouse was served by doors at the ends of the building and windows covered by bladder skins. Light naturally entered this spacious dwelling, ideal for a whole family and its slaves, working and eating under the same roof. Better, one could store there goods and shelter the cattle.

    viking house interior


    The pit house

    As its name suggests, the pit house is a dwelling almost buried about 1 m deep in the ground. Spacious skin, the house enjoyed both good thermal insulation from the ground and earthen walls. From a distance, it looked like a sort of burrow surmounted by a cob or wooden plank shed. A rustic and precarious dwelling.

    The remains discovered near the pit houses have shown that they served as weaving, pottery or even blacksmithing workshops. That's not all: they were also very useful as a shelter for livestock or a storage granary during the winter. The cost of construction being quite low, the Viking pit house was the most prized by the poorest in society.

    Did the Vikings have a sense of decoration?

    The interior of a house is just as important as its exterior appearance. Well laid out and oriented, it immediately puts those who live there at ease, while providing them with an unrivaled sense of security . And the Vikings did not remain on the sidelines of this need for interior comfort!

    Let's take a closer look at the decor of a Viking longhouse. A pleasant smell of roast pork and firewood might greet you upon entering. In fact, in the center of the inhabited part was the hearth, a simple hole dug in the ground and cemented with mud. This arrangement made it possible to cook while providing gentle warmth and sufficient light to illuminate the living room.

    viking house to visit


    Since the chimney did not yet exist among the Vikings, a simple hole in the roof allowed excess wood smoke to be evacuated. dried and the shields serving as decoration. Here, no sofa or upholstered armchair. Instead, there are wooden benches lined along the walls, serving as both daytime seating and nighttime beds.

    This astonishing simplicity is very endearing , because of the hospitality of the Vikings. Everything was put in place to consolidate family life and allow the foreigner to feel at home. The proof, the only particular rooms of the house were used primarily as a place of storage and work space. This lifestyle has none of the cleanliness and notions of privacy of modern society. This is all that makes its charm.

    Choosing the Viking style for your construction project: what are the advantages?

    Whatever we say about the Vikings, we must recognize that they were very respectful of the environment, beyond a question of beliefs. The simple fact of observing Floki, boat builder in the Vikings series , makes it possible to realize this. Ecological and simple, these houses also had the advantage of offering enough space for a minimum of amenities for a fulfilling communal life.

    Over time, the Viking dwelling has been considerably modernized to meet more specific and exotic needs. Current construction techniques indeed offer models of modernized and convenient dwellings which nevertheless remain in the Viking style. As a result, these houses are an excellent choice for people who want original, simple and spacious homes.

    viking hut

    @ historyofsuede

    Where to find Viking house ideas?

    Have you decided to build yourself a house in the Viking style and are looking for the best ideas? Our site exactly meets your needs. Discover in our catalog some very interesting Viking house models that will connect you more to nature.

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