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  • Midgard : The World Of Men | History and Legends

    August 01, 2019 3 min read

    Midgard : The World Of Men

    Midgard is one of the nine worlds of Norse mythology, during the Viking Age. The different worlds of Viking mythology represent the pre-Christian vision of the Germanic people. Midgard differs from other worlds because it is inhabited by humans and has a civilization. Of all the nine worlds, Midgard is the only realm that is perceptible to Man, while the others are placed in unseen dimensions. What characterizes this fascinating kingdom?

    Midgard: the first meaning

    Midgard in yggdrasil



    Midgard has a double meaning. First, Midgard can be defined as "the middle enclosure". This no doubt refers to the central position of civilization in relation to the 9 worlds of mythology, related to the branches of the tree of life Yggdrasil. The rest is considered a wild world like the Jotunheim Desert that surrounds the world of Midgard. The location of these worlds is comparable to how the continents are surrounded by oceans, where the giants probably lived according to Germanic mythology.

    Jormungand is a snake that lives in the sea. The latter also encircles the world of midgard but also the deserts located on the borders. This part of the meaning of the word can be called its "horizontal" position.


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    Midgard: the second meaning

    Midgard has a second meaning which refers to its "vertical" position. Midgard has a central place within the tree of life. In the middle row, it is surrounded by Jotunheim (the world of giants that lies to the east) and Svartalfheim (the world of creatures like dwarves and dark elves). The three gods who created Midgard then decided to create two more levels. Thus, Midgard is placed below Asgard, the world of gods and goddesses of Aesir. It is placed above Muspellheim and Niflheim, the worlds of fire and ice (underworld). On Yggdrasil, Asgard is located on its upper branches, the two underworlds on its roots, and Midgard is located at the base of its trunk.


    Midgard: a link with human psychology

    There is a fundamental concept in the German-ancient worldview: that of the psychogeographical distinction between innangard and utangard. And precisely, the two meanings of the world of Midgard refer to this vision of Norse mythology. First, there is the innangard translated as "within the fence", which refers to an orderly dimension, civilized lands and peaceful content. Secondly, the utangard defined by "beyond the fence" and which refers to the chaotic spirit, distinguished by wild creatures. Not only does this apply geographically, but it also applies for human psychology. Indeed, our thoughts can be either Innangard or Utangard. On the tree of life, Asgard is the divine model of the innangard (enclosure of the Aesirs), while the world of Jotunheim (world of the giants) refers to the utangard. Midgard is placed between the two worlds, in the middle. It can be deduced that Midgard is placed between good and evil, that human thoughts can be related to light or darkness. However, the element "gard" implies that Midgard is more like Asgard.


    Midgard: The Battle of Ragnarök

    Midgard men's world



    This battle confronted the Vikings of Einherjar with hostile and evil creatures: giants and monsters of destruction. This long battle resulted in the destruction of the world of Midgard. The battle was tough: the three gods Odin, Thor, Feyr were opposed to Loki, Fenrir and the Midgard Serpent. Midgard was left with fire and ashes, the men and deities present in the battles all lost their lives.

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